CHSE Odisha Class 11 Foundations of Education Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions

Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 Foundations of Education Solutions Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions.

CHSE Odisha 11th Class Foundations of Education Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions

Short Type Questions And Answers

Question 1.
Measures to promote women’s education?
To promote women’s education measures Incentives like a free supply of books, stationery, uniform mid-day meals, scholarships and stipends should be provided in time to all these girls who have come from poor sections of society. Girls’ schools should be established in the area where there is demand for these. The same standard of courses should be made available to the student of girls’ schools.

The common and relevant curriculum for boys and girls should be introduced to have equal educational opportunities. Childcare centres would be made available near the school. Schools should be opened within the walking distance from their homes and where this is not possible adequate arrangements for free or cheap hostel facilities for girls should be provided.

The educational curriculum should be made relevant to their daily lives and should enable them to run their daily lives and should enable them to run their homes better in later life. The campaign should be launched to change people’s attitudes in favour of girls’ education.

Question 2.
What are the factors that affect women’s education?
The causes and factors affecting women’s education are as follows
Social-cultural factors :
The low status of women and women’s illiteracy is the main cause. The poor parents thought that educating girls would require an educated husband and they demand a heavy dowry. Such a problem helps with the growth of women’s illiteracy. Many parents also do not allow selling their daughters for education after their daughters attain puberty. Such an attitude of parents and the community restricts women’s education.

Economic factors :
Poor parents do not allow their girl’s children to go to education and allow them to work in the cornfields, cooking, and do household work. They give early marriage. In some families the girls are engaged in beedi rolling, papad making, making paper bags readymade garments etc.

Distance of school:
Schools are distanced from the villages. So parents are not willing to send their daughters to such distance schools.

Absence of female teachers:
Lack of female teachers in the schools they do not send their daughters to that school.

Absence of girls’ schools :
Due to our cultural and social heritage, parents are often reluctant to send their daughters to education, and schools. The lack of educated girls’ schools and women’s colleges hinders women’s education. An insufficient number of teachers and a single-teacher schedule bring irregularities in classes so the parents do not prefer to send their children to that cells.

Other factors that affect women’s education are:

  • lack of basic amenities,
  • Inadequate childcare facilities,
  • Insufficient incentives.

Lack of proper teaching methods & curriculum.

Question 3.
Citizenship Aims of Education?
With the development of democracy training for citizenship is being educated in many Question quarters as the aim of education. Education should offer such experiences to make them good citizens of the democratic state. Education is to prepare individuals for different roles to perform in life. As a citizen, every individual has certain rights and duties.

Education for citizenship should train them to discharge their duties. Democratic machinery is introduced to regulate group life in schools. In progressive schools the library, the school discipline etc. are also managed by the pupils through their elected self-governing council, so the citizenship aim of education now has become the more comprehensive aim of education.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 Foundations of Education Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions

Question 4.
Discuss the environment as a factor of social change?
Environmental factors like population growth wars and voluntary acts of individuals affect social change.

Population change influences social and cultural life. The wild growth of the population is a threat to the social order. The exploitation of national wealth and industry, and the stamina of people control the economic standards of living of families the high growth of the population is a threat to the national economy. The uncontrolled growth of population pressure on existing infrastructure and development slows down.

War is the huge single generator of social change. Social change is directly connected with large destruction such as refugee problem.

The voluntary act of individuals:
The man of genius influenced society, for example, Gandhi, and Lenin in Russia exercised a profound influence on the people and society changed to their interests.

Question 5.
Cultural factors of social change?
Culture and technology are related. There is material and non-material culture. Material culture is things that are visible, seen or touched like goods, utensils, machines etc. but non-material, culture like family, religion, skill, education. When changes occur in material culture, stimulate changes in non-material culture and non-material culture changes in material are known as adoptive culture.

On account of dogmatic beliefs and ideologies, there is a change in social institutions. Cultural factors are about social changes in technological advance and cultural values Introduction of sociology brings social change to our culture our thought values, habits, and technological changes are seen. Both technology and cultural factors are sources of social change.

Question 6.
Definition of social change?
Maclver and Page define social change as a process responsive to many types of changes like altitudes, beliefs etc. Morris opined, by social change in the structure, the size of the society, the composition and type of organization. To Fairchild, social change is the modification of social processes, patterns or forms. To Anderson social change involves alternatives in the structural social forms or processes. To M.D. Johnson, social change may be defined as a new fashion mode, either modifying or replacing the old.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 Foundations of Education Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions

Question 7.
Are factors responsible for modern trends in education?
Modem trends in education are broadly classified into three categories-nationalization of education, globalization of education and solving problems of education.
The difference among the systems of education are:

  • National integration
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Issues with majority and minority
  • National language
  • The national system of education
  • International Understanding

These are the major factors which are responsible for nationalization and globalization the other factors are scientific technology, and distance education.

Question 8.
The themes of globalization?
Globalisation focus on four themes:

  • De-localization and supraterritoriality
  • The speed and power of technological innovation
  • The rise of multinational corporations
  • The extent to which moves towards the creation of global free markets leads to instability and division.

Question 9.
Need of modern trends in education?
The educational system of the countries of the world are influenced by several factors, the factors are the basic need of the society/country. Such as foundations of education e.g. philosophical, sociological, psychological and economic foundations etc. Education has become a major instrument of cultural change.

Education is both formal and informal. The countries of the world have evolved their own system of education for training human beings according to their own needs. Education is the process of development which prepares human beings for future life.

Question 10.
Main features of a national system of education?
The constitution embodies the principle on which the national system of education is conceived The concept of the national system implies up to a level all students without barriers have access to education. Common educational structure 10+2+3 accepted in all parts of the country Re-National system of education will be based on a national curricular framework containing common care.

The common core includes the history of India’s freedom movement, the constitutional obligation, and national identity. To prove equality, equal educational access to all. In higher education inter-regional mobility by providing equal access to every Indian.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 Foundations of Education Unit 3 Education and Society Short Answer Questions

Question 11.
Role of globalization in Education?
The role of globalization in education is as follows:
Education policy must be diversified. The socialization of individuals must be integrated with respect to individual rights. Education is expected to foster the desire to live together which is a basic component of social cohesion and national identity. Schools should contribute to the advancement of minority groups. Democratic participation to strengthen understanding and judgment.

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