CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Odisha State Board CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Solutions Unit 5 Short Answer Questions.

CHSE Odisha 11th Class History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Short-Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Why it is said, Industrialization gave birth to “imperialism”?
Industrialization gave birth to imperialism. This is on the nature of the effect of the industrial revolution among the developed nations. As industrialization grew, there also grew keen competition among these advanced countries for finding more raw material abroad and finding more markets for their fences products. Pure economic greed lay at the root of it all. Thus industrialization led to commercialism, colonialism to imperialism. Imperialism to militarism and finally to war.

Question 2.
What is a balance of power?
The countries of Europe had agreed upon the balance of power. It meant that no country would be allowed to grow stronger than others. Napoleon was defeated only by a coalition of European powers because France was stronger than any of them. Thus they adopted in 1815 that no single country would be allowed to grow stronger than others.

Question 3.
Who are the big powers of Europe?
The big powers of Europe were Britain, Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Italy.

Question 4.
What are the factors which lead to World War-I?
The factors that led to war were aggressive nationalism, the intense race for colonization, a mad arms race, the formation of the military alliance, an international crisis, and the absence of an international organization to show the path of sanity.

Question 5.
Who formed the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance?
Austria, Germany, and Italy formed Tripple Alliance while France, Russia, and England formed Tripple Entente.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 6.
Why Austria declared war against Serbia?
Serbia refused to accept the request given by Austria, it declared war upon Serbia. When Russia lent support to Serbia other powers turned toward their respective allies.

Question 7.
Who established socialism and how?
The Second or Bolshevik Resolution adopted the ideas of Karl Marx and Dr. Friedrich Engles. These two German geniuses developed their idea of socialism during the days of the Industrial Revolution in Europe.

Question 8.
What is February and October Revolution?
Russian Revolution was known as February or October Revolution because the Russian calendar that day was normally thirteen days behind the international calendar. The Russians called these two revolutions of March 1917 and November 1917 as “February” and “October” revolutions because as per their calendar they occurred in the last week of February and October respectively.

Question 9.
What is the Great October Revolution?
The Russian Revolution broke out in its second phase in November 1917 and as per the Russian calendar, it was in October in Russia so it is called the great October Revolution.

Question 10.
How the problem of land was a cause of the October Revolution?
Peasants had been freed from their bondage to the landlords since 1861. They were unhappy because they were not allowed to own any land and had to also pay a heavy amount as the price for their liberty. Inspired by the poem of Nekrasov, they believed that tillers of the soil must become the owners of the land, which caused the October Revolution.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 11.
Who is Lenin?
Lenin’s real name was Vladimir Hyich Ulyanov. He was born in 1870 in a middle-class family. While studying law, he was drawn to Marxism.

Question 12.
Why have people lost faith in Czar?
After losing the Crimean War and Russo-Japanese War, people in generally lost faith in the Czar.

Question 13.
Which are three periods of the new world order.
20th. century would reveal three distinct phases. The first beginning -from 1900AD to 1945 could rightly be classified as the period of the world wars, and the second extending from 1945 -1991 till the dissolution of the Soviet Union is the crucial phase of the 20th century and it is the period of the Cold War. The thirst spanning from 1991 and moving on into the 21st. century is the period of the World Trade Organisation.

Question 14.
When World War – II broke out? Describe events leading to war.
World War II broke but in September 1939. A chain of events followed in quick succession after the First World War and all such events led to the outbreak of the Second World War.

Question 15.
What are the main causes of the Second World War?
The cause is the failure of the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of fascism and Nazism, the growth of Militarism in Japan, and the French search for security. The rise of communism and its propaganda machinery, the failure of the League of Nations, and the formation of military alliances were all cataclysmic events that paved the path for the outbreak of war.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 16.
What is the impact of the Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles deprived Germany of its industrial wealth. Its colonial empire broke its military and naval strength. The German General staff was disbanded and its ammunition industry was dismantled. It resulted in inflation unemployment and an acute shortage of food.

Question 17.
How did Italy fight against the consequences of the First World War?
The new leadership under Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party took charge. He propagated the idea that war was inevitable for achieving power.

Question 18.
What is NATO?
NATO is North Atlantic Treaty organization. On April 4, 1949, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States created NATO.

Question 19.
What is the difference between LON and UNO?
LON is the League of nations and UNO is United National Organisations. UNO borrowed heavily from its predecessor the League of Nations had certain characteristics which differentiated it from the league. League in actuality since lacked to be a truly international character.

Question 20.
How UNO was formed?
The organization has been framed by an international agreement known as the ‘charter’ of the United Nations and the maker of the UN charter, were basically the representatives of the victorious power of the Second World War.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 21.
What is the structure of the United Nations?
The charter of the United Nation provides for six principal organs. These are

  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The Secretariat
  • The International Court of Justice.

Question 22.
What is the composition of the General Assembly?
The General Assembly has the states as its members, and all member nations are equally represented in this organ. Each member state is entitled to send 5 representatives and 5 alternate representatives. Irrespective of the number of its delegates present in the General Assembly, each member country is entitled to one vote only.

Question 23.
Explain the jurisdiction of the General Assembly.
General Assembly can discuss any issue affecting international peace and security, it cannot discuss any matter falling within the domestic jurisdiction of any member state. Since the General Assembly is not a world parliament, its decisions are not obligatory but only recommendatory in character. Members states are free to accept or reject the decisions of the General Assembly.

Question 24.
What is the role of the Security Council in UNO?
The Security Council functions as the executive wing of the UNO as long as there is unanimity among the Big Five. This organ can function very effectively and efficiently. Article – 7 of the charter states that the Security Council like the General Assembly is a primary organ of UNO.

Question 25.
Write four functions of the Security Council.

  • To maintain international peace and security.
  • To investigate any dispute which might lead to international friction.
  • To take military action against the aggressor.
  • To recommend the admission of new members.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 26.
What is ECOSOC?
It is a primary organ of the UN and works under the direct supervision of the General Assembly. It consists of 54 members.

Question 27.
Write the seven functional commissions of ECOSOC.
The seven functional commissions are:
1) The Statistical Commission
2)Population Commission
3) Commission for Social Development
4) Commission on Human Rights
5) Commission on the Status of Women
6) Commission on Narcotic Drugs
7) Commission on Commodity Trade

Question 28.
What is Trusteeship Council?
Trusteeship Council shall be a primary organ of the United Nations. But like ECOSOC the trusteeship council does not have an independent jurisdiction. It is directly subordinated to two other primary organs like

Question 29.
How many types of trust territories are there in Council?
There are two types of trust territories
(1) Strategic Trust Territory
(2) Non- Strategic Trust Territory.

Question 30.
Write the four objectives of the Trusteeship council.
They are:

  1. To further international peace and security.
  2. To promote political, economic, social, and educational advancement.
  3. To promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedom for all people.
  4. To provide equal treatment to all countries.

CHSE Odisha Class 11 History Unit 5 Short Answer Questions

Question 31.
Explain the three factors on which Trusteeship Council is based.
The composition of the Trusteeship Council is based on three factors:

  • All the administering powers are to be represented on the Trusteeship Council
  • All the permanent members of the Security Council who are not administering powers are also to be represented on the Trusteeship Council.
  • The elective members of the Trusteeship Council are

Question 32.
What is the International Court of Justice?
Article – 38 of the Permanent Court of International Justice of the League of Nations is an amended form that became Article 38 of the statute of the International Court of Justice of the United Nations. It is UNO’s principal judicial organ and is also designated as one of its primary organs.

Question 33.
What is the composition of the International Court of Justice?
The Court consists of fifteen judges, elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council legal luminaries from all over the world are chosen to be represented on this body and basically, judges to the ICJ are chosen on the basis of their qualifications, not on the basis of their nationality. All principal and civilized legal systems of the world are represented in the Court. No two judges can be nationals of the same state.

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